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Kidney functioning
:: Kidney information
:: Urine information

:: Bilirubin
:: Blood
:: Glucose
:: Ketones
:: Leukocytes
:: Nitrite
:: pH of urine
:: Specific gravity
:: Urobilinogen

Malaria information
:: Lifecycle of parasite
:: People at high risk
:: Prevention
:: Symptoms

HIV / Aids information

Ovulation and fertility

The prostate glad
Prostate cancer

Breast health
:: Breast cancer

Drug information

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Pregnancy home test kits (cassette type)

The use of home pregnancy tests have been around for years and afford women a quick and instant way to determine if they are pregnant.

on this page

If you are looking for our "Midstream" pregnancy test, please click here.

Kit size

2 x Test cassettes individually packed in a foil wrappers.

Storage of pregnancy test

  • Stored at room temperature the test is stable until the expiry date printed on the wrapper.

  • The test should he kept from direct sunlight, moisture and heat.

  • Do not freeze.

Clinical interpretation of pregnancy test

Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is a glycoprotein hormone secreted by the developing placenta shortly after implantation.

From the onset of pregnancy hCG concentrations in a woman's serum and urine increase rapidly making the hormone a good marker for pregnancy testing.

Seven to ten days after conception the hCG concentration reaches 5 - 50 mlU/ml, at the time of the first missed menstrual period reaches about 100 mlU/ml and then increases steadily to peak at 100,000 - 200,000 mIU/mI at the end of the first trimester.

Notes and limitations

hCG levels vary from person to person during early pregnancy and a low concentration of hCG can give a negative result. In this case another test should be done 48 hours later.

A high percentage of pregnancies micro-abort. It should therefore be noted that a positive pregnancy test result recorded before, on, or a day or two after expected menses should not be interpreted as a "false" positive result when menses commence a few days afterwards.

hCG levels may remain detectable for several weeks after normal delivery, delivery by caesarean section, spontaneous abortion, or therapeutic abortion.

As with all diagnostic tests a diagnosis should not be based on the results of a single test, but should only be made by your doctor in conjunction with other clinical evidence.

Performance characteristics

Home cassette pregnancy test detects hCG levels of 20 mIU/mI or lower in urine.

Depending on the hCG concentration in the specimen, a positive result may be observed within 30 seconds. However, to confirm a negative result, the complete reaction time of 5 minutes must be observed.

In many cases, home cassette pregnancy tests can detect a pregnancy up to 2 days (and longer) before expected menstruation.

For the detection of an early pregnancy, when hCG levels are still very low, it is recommended that a first morning urine specimen is used.

Accuracy of pregnancy test

100% correlation with a well known commercially available one step pregnancy test.

Specimen

Urine.

Sample collection

First morning urine usually contains the highest concentration of hCG and is preferred for testing.

However, specimens obtained at any time may be used. Collect the specimen in a clean, dry container, either glass, plastic or wax coated.

Do not use preservatives.

Test procedure

  • Open the foil wrapper and remove the cassette.

  • With the pipette provided, drop four drops of the urine specimen into the "specimen" window of the cassette marked with an arrow.

  • Read the results after 40 seconds to 5 minutes.

  • Do not read the test result after more than 10 minutes as it may change or become unreliable.

  • To ensure that very low hCG concentrations are not missed, initial negative results should be left for at least 5 minutes before reading the result.

Interpretation of results

Negative

Only one color band is visible in the test window. This result indicates that conception has possibly not occurred or that the hCG level of the specimen is below the detection sensitivity of the test. It is likely that you are not pregnant.

Positive

Two pink-rose bands are visible in the test window. This result indicates that conception has occurred and that it is highly likely that you are pregnant. Please note that if a second line is visible, even if it is very faint, it indicates a positive test result.

Inconclusive

If there are no visible color bands in the test window, the result is invalid. Proper procedures may not have been followed in performing the test, or the test may have deteriorated. The test should be repeated with a fresh device.

For this reason we supply two tests - in order to provide you with another test to correlate the results.

Tips and things to keep in mind

  • The quicker you know if you are pregnant or not, the quicker you can take steps to ensure a healthy pregnancy and minimize the risk of medical problems.

  • Women taking fertility drugs may have wrong results, since some fertility drugs contain hCG which could influence the test and give wrong readings.

  • Women who recently gave birth or who miscarried soon before the test, may have wrong results, since they may still have some hormones left over in their system.

  • Finding out that you are pregnant could be unsettling for some women - please consult your medical practitioner, clinic, counselor etc. to discuss this if necessary.

Our home test kits
Urine test strips - testing for:
:: Glucose
:: Ketones
:: Blood / Hemoglobin
:: Protein
:: Nitrite
:: pH
:: Urobilinogen
:: Bilirubin
:: Leucocytes
:: Specific gravity

Breast Aware (breast examination pad)

Alcohol breathalyzer (disposable)

Ovulation tests (testing fertility periods or periods when you won't conceive)
Malaria test kit - testing for:
:: Plasmodium falciparum (Pf)
:: Plasmodium vivax (Pv)
:: Plasmodium ovale (Po)
:: Plasmodium malariae (Pm)

Prostate test (PSA test)

HIV test /Aids test (testing for HIV 1 and 2 antibodies)

Drug test (5-in-1 assay) testing for:
:: Cocaine (crack and cocaine derivatives)
:: THC (marijuana, weed, grass, hashish etc)
:: Amphetamines (speed, uppers, base)
:: Opiates (morphine, opium, heroin)
:: Methamphetamines (meth, ice, e, ecstasy)

 

Information pages
Urine testing
:: Kidneys and their functions
:: Kidney function regulating body fluids
:: Bilirubin in urine
:: Blood in urine
:: Glucose in urine
:: Ketones in urine
:: Leukocytes in urine
:: Nitrite in urine
:: ph of urine
:: Protein in urine
:: Specific gravity of urine
:: Urobilinogen in urine
:: Parameters of urine test strips (dip sticks)

Drugs
:: Drug detection periods
:: Most common drugs
:: Drug slang words
:: How do drugs work
   ::: Amphetamines - speed, uppers
   ::: Cocaine - crack, nose candy
   ::: Methamphetamine - ecstasy, e, ice
   ::: Opiates - morphine, opium, heroin
   ::: Phencyclidine hydrochloride - pcp, angel dust
   ::: THC - cannabis, marijuana

Breast cancer
:: Description and function of the breasts
:: Diseases of the breast
:: Benign breast conditions
:: Malignant breast conditions
   ::: Types of breast cancer
   ::: Symptoms of breast cancer
:: Causes of breast cancer
:: Diagnosing breast cancer
:: Treatment of breast cancer
:: Living with breast cancer

Prostate health
:: Prostatism or Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
:: Prostatitis
:: Prostate Cancer
   ::: Symptoms of Prostate Cancer
   ::: Cause of Prostate Cancer
   ::: Diagnosing Prostate Cancer
   ::: Treatment for Prostate Cancer
:: Living with Prostate Cancer
:: Depression
:: Erectile Dysfunction
:: Incontinence
Malaria
:: General information on malaria
:: Types of malaria
:: People at high risk of malaria infection
:: Lifecycle of the plasmodium parasite
:: Preventing malaria
   ::: Protective clothing
   ::: Insect repellent
   ::: Bed / sleeping mosquito nets
   ::: Room management
:: Diagnosing malaria
:: Symptoms of malaria infection
:: Anti-malarial drugs
   ::: Doxycycline
   ::: Mefloquine (Larium™)
   ::: Atovaquone and proguanil combination (Malarone™)
:: Testing for malaria
   ::: Home testing
   ::: Laboratory testing
   ::: Other tests that could be done
:: Consequences and outcome of malaria infection
:: Malaria in Southern and South Africa

HIV / Aids
:: General information
:: Symptoms
:: Facts and frequently asked questions
:: Spreading the virus
   ::: Kissing
   ::: Oral Sex
   ::: Vaginal Sex
   ::: Anal Sex
   ::: Condoms
   ::: Female condoms
   ::: Drug Use
   ::: Tattoos
:: Health care workers and you
:: "Rapid" home Aids Tests
:: Approved drugs and treatments
:: Schematic drawing of life cycle

Ovulation / Fertility
:: Fertility drugs
:: Ovulation calculator (period in which you are most likely to conceive)


 

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Information contained on this website is for general information purposes only and must not be used to treat or diagnose medical conditions, and all health problems must be referred to a health care professional. Statements made regarding the products and general information have not been evaluated by the FDA, or any other health authority, and should not be seen as health counseling, advice or statements.
 
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Our site was last updated on 25 August 2017.