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Kidney functioning
:: Kidney information
:: Urine information

:: Bilirubin
:: Blood
:: Glucose
:: Ketones
:: Leukocytes
:: Nitrite
:: pH of urine
:: Specific gravity
:: Urobilinogen

Malaria information
:: Lifecycle of parasite
:: People at high risk
:: Prevention
:: Symptoms

HIV / Aids information

Ovulation and fertility

The prostate glad
Prostate cancer

Breast health
:: Breast cancer

Drug information

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Heroin opiates and codeine

Street names: Smack, Skag, H, Shit, Brown, Horse, Harry and Brown

Heroin is derived from the opium poppy and is a refined form of opium. Opium is processed from the milk of the poppy seedpod, which is dried and has been used since ancient times as a pain medication. Recreational use of the drug is reported in ancient Sumerian texts.

opiates, morphine, opium, heroin, codeine, opium poppy, heroin wrap, addictive, drugs

Illegal trade in heroin herion opium

Heroin is a white powder and is usually sold wrapped in paper (known as a "wrap") and is usually diluted with powdered glucose, although unscrupulous drug dealers sometimes diluted or "cut" heroin with talcum powder or flour, which is highly dangerous for users.

The powder mixes well with water and the solution is warmed, and then injected intravenously. Heroin powder may also be sniffed or heated (the fumes are inhaled - called "chasing the dragon"). Laudanum, opium dissolved in alcohol, was a very popular drug of choice in Victorian times.

Opiates herion opium

Heroin is an opiate (the word is a play on "opium") and is classed with drugs such as morphine and codeine, which are also processed from the milk of the opium seedpod. Synthetic opiates, pethadine and methadone, are included in this class, and are also opiates.

Codeine

The body will metabolize codeine and it will show as an opiate in a drug test. Codeine is a natural isomer of methylated morphine.

Addiction to opiates herion opium

Heroin and most other opiates were made illegal in the 1900's, due to their addictive effects. It is interesting to note that opium was exported to China by Britain during the 1800's. This practice forced the Chinese to destroy the opium imports, which led to 2 wars between China and Britain, known as the Opium Wars.

The peace treaties signed after the wars led to Britain being given Hong Kong, extra trading rights and pounds in compensation for the burnt opium.

Long term use of heroin herion opium

Long-term use of heroin and opiates causes the user to develop a tolerance to the drug (users are forced to use more of the drug to obtain the same effect).

Deaths have been reported from overdose, and commonly occur when an addict stops using the drug and then starts again, injecting the same dose last taken. When high doses are taken and then suddenly withdrawn, withdrawal symptoms occur.

These are usually very similar to 'flu: aches, sweating, tremors, sneezing, yawning and spasms. These symptoms usually occur within 7 to 24 hours after the last dose. The symptoms usually fade within a week to 2 weeks, but a general malaise is felt for an unspecified time after that.

The drug is taken recreationally for its euphoric effects and is calming, producing a warm feeling. The nervous system is suppressed as well as the coughing reflex, breathing and heart rate.

Blood vessels are dilated (producing the warm feeling) and the bowel functions are also suppressed, leading to constipation. It is reported that the drug does not effect the motor skills of a user, even when experiencing a "high".

Recovered addicts report that the euphoria is replaced by a simple craving for the drug, with stomach cramps and vomiting being the only effects felt, after long term use.

Addiction and dependence herion opium

Psychological and physical dependence does usually occur, although it has been reported that some occasional users do not develop an addiction.

Users report apathy and loss of appetite and this may lead to poor diet and self neglect. The need to satisfy the heightened tolerance also leads to financial and major social problems.

Long-term use increases risk of damage to the body. Dirty needles may be used, and if shared, lead to an increased risk of AIDS, hepatitis and/or tetanus.

The product purchased from a dealer may also be impure and mixed with other drugs or substances, leading to bad "trips" or other dangerous reactions, including convulsions, delusions, coma and death.

Sniffing or "snorting" heroin leads to damage to the nasal membranes and septum.

Information pages

Our home test kits
Urine test strips - testing for:
:: Glucose
:: Ketones
:: Blood / Hemoglobin
:: Protein
:: Nitrite
:: pH
:: Urobilinogen
:: Bilirubin
:: Leucocytes
:: Specific gravity

Breast Aware (breast examination pad)

Alcohol breathalyzer (disposable)

Ovulation tests (testing fertility periods or periods when you won't conceive)
Malaria test kit - testing for:
:: Plasmodium falciparum (Pf)
:: Plasmodium vivax (Pv)
:: Plasmodium ovale (Po)
:: Plasmodium malariae (Pm)

Prostate test (PSA test)

HIV test /Aids test (testing for HIV 1 and 2 antibodies)

Drug test (5-in-1 assay) testing for:
:: Cocaine (crack and cocaine derivatives)
:: THC (marijuana, weed, grass, hashish etc)
:: Amphetamines (speed, uppers, base)
:: Opiates (morphine, opium, heroin)
:: Methamphetamines (meth, ice, e, ecstasy)

 

Information pages
Urine testing
:: Kidneys and their functions
:: Kidney function regulating body fluids
:: Bilirubin in urine
:: Blood in urine
:: Glucose in urine
:: Ketones in urine
:: Leukocytes in urine
:: Nitrite in urine
:: ph of urine
:: Protein in urine
:: Specific gravity of urine
:: Urobilinogen in urine
:: Parameters of urine test strips (dip sticks)

Drugs
:: Drug detection periods
:: Most common drugs
:: Drug slang words
:: How do drugs work
   ::: Amphetamines - speed, uppers
   ::: Cocaine - crack, nose candy
   ::: Methamphetamine - ecstasy, e, ice
   ::: Opiates - morphine, opium, heroin
   ::: Phencyclidine hydrochloride - pcp, angel dust
   ::: THC - cannabis, marijuana

Breast cancer
:: Description and function of the breasts
:: Diseases of the breast
:: Benign breast conditions
:: Malignant breast conditions
   ::: Types of breast cancer
   ::: Symptoms of breast cancer
:: Causes of breast cancer
:: Diagnosing breast cancer
:: Treatment of breast cancer
:: Living with breast cancer

Prostate health
:: Prostatism or Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
:: Prostatitis
:: Prostate Cancer
   ::: Symptoms of Prostate Cancer
   ::: Cause of Prostate Cancer
   ::: Diagnosing Prostate Cancer
   ::: Treatment for Prostate Cancer
:: Living with Prostate Cancer
:: Depression
:: Erectile Dysfunction
:: Incontinence
Malaria
:: General information on malaria
:: Types of malaria
:: People at high risk of malaria infection
:: Lifecycle of the plasmodium parasite
:: Preventing malaria
   ::: Protective clothing
   ::: Insect repellent
   ::: Bed / sleeping mosquito nets
   ::: Room management
:: Diagnosing malaria
:: Symptoms of malaria infection
:: Anti-malarial drugs
   ::: Doxycycline
   ::: Mefloquine (Larium™)
   ::: Atovaquone and proguanil combination (Malarone™)
:: Testing for malaria
   ::: Home testing
   ::: Laboratory testing
   ::: Other tests that could be done
:: Consequences and outcome of malaria infection
:: Malaria in Southern and South Africa

HIV / Aids
:: General information
:: Symptoms
:: Facts and frequently asked questions
:: Spreading the virus
   ::: Kissing
   ::: Oral Sex
   ::: Vaginal Sex
   ::: Anal Sex
   ::: Condoms
   ::: Female condoms
   ::: Drug Use
   ::: Tattoos
:: Health care workers and you
:: "Rapid" home Aids Tests
:: Approved drugs and treatments
:: Schematic drawing of life cycle

Ovulation / Fertility
:: Fertility drugs
:: Ovulation calculator (period in which you are most likely to conceive)


 

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Our site was last updated on 1 January 2017.