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INFORMATION

Kidney functioning
:: Kidney information
:: Urine information

:: Bilirubin
:: Blood
:: Glucose
:: Ketones
:: Leukocytes
:: Nitrite
:: pH of urine
:: Specific gravity
:: Urobilinogen

Malaria information
:: Lifecycle of parasite
:: People at high risk
:: Prevention
:: Symptoms

HIV / Aids information

Ovulation and fertility

The prostate glad
Prostate cancer

Breast health
:: Breast cancer

Drug information

OTHER

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Symptoms of malaria infection

Malaria can occur despite taking anti-malarial drugs and symptoms of malaria infection usually occur within 9 to 14 days.

symptoms malaria infection

The general symptoms include:

  • headache
  • nausea
  • fever
  • vomiting and
  • flu-like symptoms

These symptoms can vary depending on the type of plasmodium that caused the infection.

Time for symptoms to develop symptoms malaria infection

Plasmodium falciparum normally take 7 to 14 days to show symptoms while Plasmodium vivax and ovale normally take 8 to 14 days (but in some cases can survive for some months in the human horst) and Plasmodium malariae 7 to 30 days.

These figures are as indication only - the onset of symptoms varies tremendously and people should not try and diagnose themselves by using any time-frame figures as these listed above.

Symptoms of malaria infection are not always dramatic, and can easily be dismissed as unimportant.

Should the infection not be attended to deterioration is normally sudden and drastic as the parasites rapidly increase in the blood stream.

prevent malaria infection

Symptoms may appear and disappear in phases and may come and go at various time frames. These cyclic symptoms of malaria are caused by the life cycle of the parasites - as they develop, mature, reproduce and are once again released into the blood stream to infect even more blood and liver cells.

When this happens a high swinging fever can develop, with marked shivering and intense perspiration.

Further serious complication involving the kidneys and brain can then develop leading to delirium and coma.

There are cases reported where symptoms of malaria infection developed 12 months after the patient was bitten by a mosquito, as the plasmodia may remain dormant in the liver for a long period.

List of symptoms symptoms malaria infection

Malaria causes a flu-like illness and these would include

  • fever
  • rigors
  • headaches
  • sweating
  • tiredness
  • myalgia (limbs and back)
  • abdominal pain
  • diarrhea
  • loss of appetite
  • orthostatic hypotension
  • nausea
  • slight jaundice
  • cough
  • enlarged liver and spleen (sometimes not palpable)
  • vomiting

Fever in the first week of travel in a malaria-risk area is unlikely to be malaria; however, any traveler feeling ill should seek immediate medical care.

Although malaria is unlikely to be the cause, any fever should be promptly evaluated. If you or your child becomes ill with a fever or flu-like illness while traveling in a malaria-risk area and up to 1 year after returning home, seek immediate medical care.

Tell your health care provider where you have been traveling.

The normal treatments for malaria infection are drugs based on quinine, or a combination drug therapy known as ACTs, based on artemisinin (which is expensive).

prevent malaria infection

Symptoms may develop later symptoms malaria infection

It is possible, but not very general, to develop a relapsing type of malaria months for even years after being infected by malaria - even if anti-malarial drugs were taken.

While anti-malarial drugs can prevent symptoms of acute malaria from developing, by suppressing the infection in the bloodstream, they however do not prevent relapses of the infection caused by certain strains of the plasmodium parasite which have a persistent liver phase.

The most common type of malaria infection is that of Plasmodium falciparum and this strain does fortunately NOT have a relapsing phase.

The other strains such as Plasmodium vivax, ovale, or malariae can infect the liver and persist in a dormant state for months, or even years after exposure to the infection.

Should a relapse develop it can be treated by restraining the acute symptoms with chloroquine and then overcome the liver infection with medication called primaquine.

This medication is more toxic and has more side effects than chloroquine but is a very effective form of treatment.

People with a deficiency of the blood enzyme G6PD are predisposed to reactions from primaquine treatment but such an enzyme blood deficiency is easy to ascertain with a simple blood test before treatment with primaquine is started.

Prevention of malaria infection is better than curing the disease as the infection is becoming increasingly resistant to prescribed drugs.

Various insecticides, which are used to spray areas favored by mosquitoes, are also no longer effective, and a constant struggle is under way to develop new anti-malarial drugs and insecticides, to keep the disease at bay.

symptoms malaria infection

Other malaria related information symptoms malaria infection

Our home test kits
Urine test strips - testing for:
:: Glucose
:: Ketones
:: Blood / Hemoglobin
:: Protein
:: Nitrite
:: pH
:: Urobilinogen
:: Bilirubin
:: Leucocytes
:: Specific gravity

Breast Aware (breast examination pad)

Alcohol breathalyzer (disposable)

Ovulation tests (testing fertility periods or periods when you won't conceive)
Malaria test kit - testing for:
:: Plasmodium falciparum (Pf)
:: Plasmodium vivax (Pv)
:: Plasmodium ovale (Po)
:: Plasmodium malariae (Pm)

Prostate test (PSA test)

HIV test /Aids test (testing for HIV 1 and 2 antibodies)

Drug test (5-in-1 assay) testing for:
:: Cocaine (crack and cocaine derivatives)
:: THC (marijuana, weed, grass, hashish etc)
:: Amphetamines (speed, uppers, base)
:: Opiates (morphine, opium, heroin)
:: Methamphetamines (meth, ice, e, ecstasy)

 

Information pages
Urine testing
:: Kidneys and their functions
:: Kidney function regulating body fluids
:: Bilirubin in urine
:: Blood in urine
:: Glucose in urine
:: Ketones in urine
:: Leukocytes in urine
:: Nitrite in urine
:: ph of urine
:: Protein in urine
:: Specific gravity of urine
:: Urobilinogen in urine
:: Parameters of urine test strips (dip sticks)

Drugs
:: Drug detection periods
:: Most common drugs
:: Drug slang words
:: How do drugs work
   ::: Amphetamines - speed, uppers
   ::: Cocaine - crack, nose candy
   ::: Methamphetamine - ecstasy, e, ice
   ::: Opiates - morphine, opium, heroin
   ::: Phencyclidine hydrochloride - pcp, angel dust
   ::: THC - cannabis, marijuana

Breast cancer
:: Description and function of the breasts
:: Diseases of the breast
:: Benign breast conditions
:: Malignant breast conditions
   ::: Types of breast cancer
   ::: Symptoms of breast cancer
:: Causes of breast cancer
:: Diagnosing breast cancer
:: Treatment of breast cancer
:: Living with breast cancer

Prostate health
:: Prostatism or Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
:: Prostatitis
:: Prostate Cancer
   ::: Symptoms of Prostate Cancer
   ::: Cause of Prostate Cancer
   ::: Diagnosing Prostate Cancer
   ::: Treatment for Prostate Cancer
:: Living with Prostate Cancer
:: Depression
:: Erectile Dysfunction
:: Incontinence
Malaria
:: General information on malaria
:: Types of malaria
:: People at high risk of malaria infection
:: Lifecycle of the plasmodium parasite
:: Preventing malaria
   ::: Protective clothing
   ::: Insect repellent
   ::: Bed / sleeping mosquito nets
   ::: Room management
:: Diagnosing malaria
:: Symptoms of malaria infection
:: Anti-malarial drugs
   ::: Doxycycline
   ::: Mefloquine (Larium™)
   ::: Atovaquone and proguanil combination (Malarone™)
:: Testing for malaria
   ::: Home testing
   ::: Laboratory testing
   ::: Other tests that could be done
:: Consequences and outcome of malaria infection
:: Malaria in Southern and South Africa

HIV / Aids
:: General information
:: Symptoms
:: Facts and frequently asked questions
:: Spreading the virus
   ::: Kissing
   ::: Oral Sex
   ::: Vaginal Sex
   ::: Anal Sex
   ::: Condoms
   ::: Female condoms
   ::: Drug Use
   ::: Tattoos
:: Health care workers and you
:: "Rapid" home Aids Tests
:: Approved drugs and treatments
:: Schematic drawing of life cycle

Ovulation / Fertility
:: Fertility drugs
:: Ovulation calculator (period in which you are most likely to conceive)


 

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Information contained on this website is for general information purposes only and must not be used to treat or diagnose medical conditions, and all health problems must be referred to a health care professional. Statements made regarding the products and general information have not been evaluated by the FDA, or any other health authority, and should not be seen as health counseling, advice or statements.
 
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Our site was last updated on 6 December 2014.